What is the operating system

Functions, lists and examples of what an Operating System is
Do you know what is the operating system? Even if you do not know, there is no reason to panic, we will answer it and some other questions will also be answered with it.
Like we know that we are a human and a human has a heart. In such a situation, do you know how this heart works, perhaps it will not be known either.


I mean to say that just as we humans have a heart, we also have a computer, and in technical language it is called the Operating System (os) of Computer.


Whenever you use a mobile or computer, you always keep talking about Android, Windows, Mac, Linux etc. So all these names belong to each operating system. Sometimes Android kitkat, sometimes Android Oreo, or if it is talked about Windows, then someone speaks Windows 10, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows XP etc.

The same happens in Mac OS.
But everyone definitely has a lot of knowledge about all this, but no one knows what is the job of this computer. In a small feeling I would like to give you that an operating system is a type of interface between end user and hardware.
By the way, if you want to know more about how many types they are, where they are used, what are their main functions, then what do you call this article operating system.

Operating system list
Different operating systems are used for different tasks. Here you have shared the operating system list, which most people like to use.

  1. Microsoft Windows
  2. Google’s Android OS
  3. Apple ios
  4. Apple MacOS
  5. Linux Operating System

Examples of all these very large operating systems. Although there are not many different people inside them, but most people know them by these names.


Operating system functions
Well Computer does a lot of work, but first when you turn on ___Computer then the Operating System first main
Memory means RAM is loaded and after that this user software allocate all the hardware it needs from the cone. Below are the different functions of OS, know more about them in Detail.

  1. Memory Management
    Memory Management means managing Primary and Secondary Memory. Main memory means RAM is bytes of a very large Array.
    Meaning there are a lot of small blocks in memory where we can store some data. Where there is an address of each slot. Main Memory is the fastest running memory that CPU Direct uses. Because all the programs that run the CPU are in main memory only.
    Operating System does all this work.
    Which is the main memory to be used, which will not be,
    How much, how much. • In Multiprocessing the OS decides which process
    Memory will be given and how much will be given to whom. • When the Process asks for the memory then it gives it the Memory OS (Process means a Task or a small task which is inside the Computer) • When the Process finishes its work, the OS returns to its
    Takes up memory.
  2. Viewing System Performance It looks at the performance of the computer and improves the system.
  3. The OS records how long it takes to deliver a service.
  4. Telling Error
    If there are a lot of errors in the system, then the OS detects and recovers them.
  5. Creating synergy between software and user
    • The compiler assigns the Interpreter 317 assembler ont task. Connects different software to the user,
    Uses user software well.
    • Provides communication between the user and the system.
    • Store in the operating system BIOS. Everything else
    The application also makes it user-friendly.
    Operating System Features
    • An operating system is a collection of many programs, which run other programs.
    • It controls all the Input / output Device. • Responsibility for running all application software
    Operating system.
    Process Scheduling means to allocate Process
    And deallocate.
    • Informs about errors and threats happening in the system.
    • Establish a good synergy between User and Computer Programs
    Does

By now all of you must have known that what is the Operating System in chili cheat § (Function of Operating System in Hindi),

now let us know how many types of OS are there.
Types of operating systems
Technology is changing day by day and everything is changing with it, so the usage of operating system is increasing in every field like Railways, Research, Satellite, Industry, so you know how many types of operating systems are there.

  1. Batch Operating System
  2. Simple Batch Operating System
  3. Multiprogramming Batch Operating System
  4. Network Operating System
  5. Multiprocessor Operating System
  6. Distributed Operating System 7
    . Time-Sharing Operating System
  7. Real-Time Operating System

1) Batch Processing Operating System

Batch processing operating systems were introduced only to overcome the problems of earlier times. If we talk about earlier systems, then there was more setup time. At the same time this much set up time has been reduced in this batch processing systems where jobs are processed in batches. At the same time, this type of operating system is called batch processing operating system in Hindi.
Any similar jobs in it are submitted to the CPU for processing and they are run simultaneously.
Execute Batch Processing System that main function stat gaat jobs in batch automatically. The most important work that is done in this work is ‘Batch Monitor’ which is located in the low-end of the main memory.
i) Simple Batch System This is the oldest system in which there was no direct interaction between the user and the computer. In this system, the user had to bring a storage unit to process a task or job and had to submit it to the computer operator.
In this, all the jobs were given to the computer in a batch or line. Within a few days or a few months, it was a job process and there was an output store in an output device. This system used to process jobs in batch, hence its name was also called batch mode operating system.
ii) MultiProgramming Batch Systems
In this operating system there was too much of a job to be picked up from memory
And it is executed too much. The OS that processes a job, if the same job requires I / O, then the OS gives the second job to the CPU and the first one gets the I / 0, because of this the CPU is always busy.
The number of jobs that remain in memory are less than the number of jobs we always have in the disk. If a lot of jobs remain in the line then the operating system decides which job will be processed first. The CPU in this OS never remains idle.
Time Sharing system is also part of Multiprogramming system. Response time is much less in the Time Sharing System but CPU usage is more in multi programming.
Disadvantages 1) No direct interaction between user and computer. 2) The job that comes first is the first process, so the user had to wait more.
We can show a network operating system on the basis of a basic os that runs a network device, such as a router or firewall.

2) Network Operating System

Its abbreviation is NOS, NOS is the full form of “Network Operating System”. À network operating system provides its services to computers that are connected to a network.
If they are given an example, then they come in shared file access, shared applications, 34 printing capabilities.
NOS is a type of software that allows
To communicate multiple computers together, to share files, and also to other hardware devices.
Earlier Microsoft Windows and Apple operating systems were not designed for a single computer usage and network usage. But as computer networks started growing slowly and their usage also started to grow, and such operating systems also started developing.
There are mainly two types of an NOS (Network operating system in hindi): Peer-to-peer (P2P) OS, which is installed in each computer. The second one is a client-server model, in which there is a machine server and another client software is installed.


Types of Network Operating System
Talking about the type of network operating system, there are mainly two basic types, peer-to-peer NOS and client / server NOS:

  1. Peer-to-peer network operating systems allows users ont to share network resources that are saved in common, accessible network location. In this architecture, all devices are treated equally according to functionality.
    Peer-to-peer works best in small to medium LANs, as well as setting them up is very cheap.
  2. Client / server network operating systems provide users with access to all resources through a server. In its architecture, all functions and applications are unified under a file server, which can be executed by individual client actions, why it should not be in any physical location.
    Installing the client / server is very difficult, whereas it requires a large amount of technical maintenance. Moreover, it also costs more.

3) Multiprocessor System

Many processors use a common physical memory in the multiprocessor system. Computing power is very fast. All these processors work under an operating system. Here are some of its Advantages
Advantages
1) Very high speed because Multiprocessor is used.
2) If there are a lot of tasks together, the system throughput increases here. Which means, how many job processes can be done in a second.
3) In this OS, Task is divided into sub Task, and each Sub Task is assigned to different Processor, especially this is why a Task is completed in a very short time.


4) Distributed Operating System

The only purpose of using Distributed Operating System is that the world has powerful OS and microprocessor has become very cheap, as well as communication technology is improving.
Due to this advancement, Distributed os are now made, which are cheaper and far-flung computers. through the network. Which in itself is a big achievement.
Advantages
1) All the resources which are far away can be easily used, which resources are not empty.
2) They are processing fast.
3) Load is less on the host machine, because Load is more than Distribute.


5) Time Sharing Operating System
In this, some time is provided by the OS to complete each task correctly, so that each task can be completed correctly. At the same time, every user uses a single system from which CPU is given time. This type of system is also called Multitasking System.
At the same time, whatever task is done in it can be either from single user or it can be from multi user as well.

5) Time Sharing Operating System

In this, some time is provided by the OS to complete each task correctly, so that each task can be completed correctly. At the same time, every user uses a single system, from which the CPU is given time. This type of system is also called Multitasking System.
At the same time, whatever task is done in it can be either from single user or it can be from multi user as well.
The amount of time it takes to complete each task is called quantum. At the same time, after completing each task, the OS then starts the next task.
Advantages
Let us know about the advantages of time-sharing operating system.
• In this, the OS is given equal opportunity to complete each task.

• It is not easy to have duplicasy of software in it. Which neither
Is equal to

• CPU idle time can be reduced easily.
Disadvantages Let’s know about the disadvantages of time-sharing operating system.
• The issue of reliability is seen more in this.

• It takes care of security and integrity of everything
• Data communication issue is a common
problem occurs.
Examples of time-sharing, operating system are: – Unix
6) Real-Time Operating System
This is the most Advance Operating system, which performs real-time process. This means that while leaving Missile, Railway Ticket Booking, Satellite, if all of these were delayed even for a second, then this Operating System does not remain idle at all.
There are two types of these,

  1. Hard Real-Time Operating System
    This is the operating system, within which time is given more time to complete the task.
  2. Soft Real-Time
    In soft real-time, the time limit would be a little less. What happens if a Task is running and another Task is introduced at the same time, the first priority is given to the new Task. This was some information of types of operating system in Hindi. Before this you have come to know what is Operating System in Hindi.

  3. What is a client operating system? Computer desktop is ah standalone computer processing unit. They are designed to perform automation tasks for people. A desktop computer is very unique because it does not require any networks or external components to operate.

  4. Most of this client operating system is used in computer desktops or portable devices. This operating system is typically different from centralized servers because it supports only one user.

  5. Smartphones 31 small computer devices # client operating system. This operating system manages the device components, which include printers, monitors, and cameras. Each computer typically has a specific operating system.

  6. These client operating systems provide multiprocessing power at aft chut minimal cost. Client Operating system comes under Windows®, Linux®, Mac® and Android®.

  7. Each operating system is designed to perform some specific function on specific hardware. This is the hardware compatibility at a HR primary consideration based on which an operating system is selected for client computers.

  8. For example, in recent times Windows® is the most commonly used client operating systems.

  9. What did you teach today? So friends, today’s information is very important. So it is more important for the particular student.
  10. Now if this question comes in the exam, what is the operating system (Hindi) and the working of the operating system, then you can easily answer it.

  11. Well according to me the OS is bringing new features very fast, like talk about Windows 10.

Because it was said in the beginning that OS is the heart of computer. If you want to ask any question, then write in the comment box below and if you want to give any suggestion, please do so. If you have not subscribed to our blog yet, then definitely subscribe.

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